Outerra forum

Please login or register.

Login with username, password and session length
Advanced search  

News:

Outerra Tech Demo download. Help with graphics driver issues

Pages: [1] 2

Author Topic: Cesna 172 FDM  (Read 13247 times)

bomber

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 503
  • newbie
« Last Edit: March 21, 2015, 07:52:00 am by bomber »
Logged
"If anyone ever tells you anything about an aeroplane which is so bloody complicated you can't understand it, take it from me - it's all balls" - R J Mitchell

Uriah

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 569
  • We do these things not because they are easy. -JFK
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #1 on: March 03, 2015, 02:46:28 pm »

Hi Simon,

I'll configure the engine files for the Lycoming O-360.

Regards,
Uriah
Logged

bomber

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 503
  • newbie
« Last Edit: March 12, 2015, 06:30:09 pm by bomber »
Logged
"If anyone ever tells you anything about an aeroplane which is so bloody complicated you can't understand it, take it from me - it's all balls" - R J Mitchell

Uriah

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 569
  • We do these things not because they are easy. -JFK
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #3 on: March 13, 2015, 03:55:40 am »

Hey Simon,

Which variant are you going for specifically? I've noticed some fairly substantial differences between them, including powerplant, max gross take off weight, range, service ceiling, etc.

Regards,
Uriah
Logged

bomber

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 503
  • newbie
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #4 on: March 13, 2015, 10:28:47 am »

An engine that comes with a static Power/Alt curve to compare against.
Logged
"If anyone ever tells you anything about an aeroplane which is so bloody complicated you can't understand it, take it from me - it's all balls" - R J Mitchell

Uriah

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 569
  • We do these things not because they are easy. -JFK
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #5 on: March 13, 2015, 11:58:25 am »

I head of a tool that can take a 2 image graph and convert it to data, I want to see if I can find something like that so I can convert graphs we find into a spreadsheet and compare them side by side in a single graph.

Regards,
Uriah
Logged

bomber

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 503
  • newbie
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #6 on: March 15, 2015, 04:13:55 pm »

Ok so the first thing we have to do is determine area's of part of the plane and the distances to these parts from the 'datum' point... this being the pilots position on the centre line of the vehicle.

I've started on this... it's not finished, the area's are not correct... I also need to tell you that I do this in centremetres, for the simple reason that it slows me down and makes me do a cross check.

I use convertpad from googleplay..

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.mathpad.mobile.android.wt.unit&hl=en_GB

for anything that needs unit converting.

This is my Autocad12 file, you don't have to use Autocad, it's just a tool for inserting the image of the plane, scaling it, and tracing around it with a poly line to determine areas... If you have another 2d package tool that can do the job then use it, I use Autocad and I have done so since 1984 so I'm familiar with it.

This is the ball aching job, that needs to be done to gather the data to input into the flight model... we'll use the areas and size to determine volume and from a build density value we can then determine the approx weight of each section of the plane... then with the use of a spreadsheet (coming soon) we'll find it's CoG.

Non of what we do to create a flight model requires a 3d model to have even been built, so it allows for parallel working.

right mouse click 'save as'

http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Cesna_172.dwg
« Last Edit: March 15, 2015, 04:32:26 pm by bomber »
Logged
"If anyone ever tells you anything about an aeroplane which is so bloody complicated you can't understand it, take it from me - it's all balls" - R J Mitchell

bomber

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 503
  • newbie
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #7 on: March 15, 2015, 04:38:26 pm »

ok download this too....

It's the FDM.... the 'D' can stand for Dynamic or Damage... I like damage as it reminds me constantly of the reason I've done this.

http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Flight-Damage-Model.xml

Now it's the front end for the ASK-13 and we're going to modify it to the Cesna 172.
« Last Edit: March 15, 2015, 04:41:16 pm by bomber »
Logged
"If anyone ever tells you anything about an aeroplane which is so bloody complicated you can't understand it, take it from me - it's all balls" - R J Mitchell

Uriah

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 569
  • We do these things not because they are easy. -JFK
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #8 on: March 16, 2015, 12:33:03 pm »

Hey Simon,

Sorry, I've been extremely busy finishing a separate project.

I can setup the C127 with my visualization toolkit if you like. From your FDM I should have enough information already to setup the BONES for each center marker and vector you'll need. The script will call the position angle from your FDM properties, and you'll be able to hide all of the visualization elements by setting a variable from 1 to 0 at the top of the script.

The FDM looks really great so far, outstanding work Simon!

I really like what you've done with the mass_balance section. If we added a pointmass for each wing section, and configured damage according to structure point collisions with the ground we could zero the pointmasses, drag, lift, etc for a broken wing tip or whole... For calculating collision damage, I think it would be best to determine the kinetic energy of the pointmass and impact velocity with the ground.

I could even do some modeling and texturing, and create broken sections. If a wing tip were torn off, the script would hide the broken section, as well as the section just below it, and replace that one with a mesh with broken zagged end, and snapped spars, struts and internal structure. I could do the same for almost any failure mode, like broken control surfaces, fuselage, windows, propeller (in sections), etc. Interested?!

Regards,
Uriah
Logged

bomber

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 503
  • newbie
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #9 on: March 16, 2015, 02:01:54 pm »

Yeh I know busy, they've had me under a train.

In the past I've seen damage added on top of a flight model and it's always come short of the target for me, in feel and granularity. My flight model has damage within it's very DNA and should along with a damage probability engine (to be designed) make the feel of damage satisfactory.

I don't think you need to worry about hitting the ground and kinetic energy, if you hit the ground you break something, normally yourself... been there got the T-shirt, been laughed at in A&E.

Damage animation needs to be discussed with Cameni, because we'll need to know if they're going to give us the capability of alpha texture overlays.

regards

Simon
« Last Edit: March 16, 2015, 03:48:22 pm by bomber »
Logged
"If anyone ever tells you anything about an aeroplane which is so bloody complicated you can't understand it, take it from me - it's all balls" - R J Mitchell

bomber

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 503
  • newbie
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #10 on: March 16, 2015, 03:47:03 pm »

ok I've updated the autocad file a bit and now started work on determining construction density..

http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Construction_Density-Cesna_172.xlsx

At this point I've just added in the areas and widths measurements and we're using the construction density from our nearest 'relationship' plane, which is the ASk-13.... that's not going to be as accurate as we'd like but we'll find out how far out we are when we complete the Weight Ballance Spreadsheet..(which I've yet to start on).

http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Mass_Ballance-Cesna_172.xlsx

Regards

Simon
« Last Edit: March 17, 2015, 06:30:49 pm by bomber »
Logged
"If anyone ever tells you anything about an aeroplane which is so bloody complicated you can't understand it, take it from me - it's all balls" - R J Mitchell

bomber

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 503
  • newbie
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #11 on: March 17, 2015, 06:29:20 pm »

Updates on all 3 files now...

Dims added, CoG added

http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Cesna_172.dwg


Modifed the wing solidity to get to the data we have on wing weight
modified the build ratios between the tail and fuselage to give them the correct weights.

http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Construction_Density-Cesna_172.xlsx

Basically this has been completed with the available data and out pops the CoG.

http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Mass_Ballance-Cesna_172.xlsx


-------------------------------
http://temporal.com.au/c172.pdf

There are interesting issues thrown up here...

1) empty weight seems to vary with source... wiki, janes etc.
2) weight of a human used is 165lbs, this says no parachute to me as it's usually 201lbs
3) and it does highlight the fact that you can carry two extra passengers, but not far as you can't put much fuel in the plane.

Overall though the CoG is where you'd expect it to be, for a very 'get in and fly it' plane.
« Last Edit: March 17, 2015, 06:37:18 pm by bomber »
Logged
"If anyone ever tells you anything about an aeroplane which is so bloody complicated you can't understand it, take it from me - it's all balls" - R J Mitchell

bomber

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 503
  • newbie
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #12 on: March 21, 2015, 09:04:30 am »

Updated files

http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Cesna_172.dwg
http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Construction_Density-Cesna_172.xlsx
http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Mass_Ballance-Cesna_172.xlsx


The front end is now complete apart from the forces part which just link to the other files to come..

http://target4today.com/_posted_files_/Cesna_172/Flight-Damage-Model.xml

The one thing I have noticed is the Gross Weight is 2360lbs... If I was to take a punt I'd say that if I was to bring the pilots weight to 165lbs and consider that the engine accessories are probably for an advanced engine configuration as opposed to a 1950's version we'd be on 2210lbs

A 172R's Gross Weight should be 2450lbs, so if I keep it as it is and change the prop weight to constant speed version  weighing 71lbs and give the pilots parachutes we're at 2385lbs... So I'm wondering if there's also an increase in fuel tank capacity with version..

But all in all I'm pretty happy we have the variation compromises worked through.
Logged
"If anyone ever tells you anything about an aeroplane which is so bloody complicated you can't understand it, take it from me - it's all balls" - R J Mitchell

Uriah

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 569
  • We do these things not because they are easy. -JFK
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #13 on: March 21, 2015, 11:15:35 am »

Excellent work Simon!  :D

Since stability will change with wing loading, and I am interested to see how it handles max weight vs. near-empty weight, or even over-max weight.

It is fairly easy to increase the tank capacity, so I don't think there is a problem with the aircraft's gross weight being slightly off, it can always adjusted. If you are comparing sim data with real-world flight data, than I believe you will need to know the weight regardless, so if it is "off" you can add fuel to bring it up to the specified weight from the real world data.

I found a number of great tools. For converting a picture of a graph into comma seperated X, Y coordinates, http://arohatgi.info/WebPlotDigitizer/ is the best for general purposes, but there are others specifically for calculating thrust tables using integrals and extended equations.

Regards,
Uriah
Logged

bomber

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 503
  • newbie
Re: Cesna 172 FDM
« Reply #14 on: March 21, 2015, 02:08:06 pm »

Flight modelling for me isn't about just adding weight to make the numbers, if it was then we could just add the number to the weight value and miss out all the point masses.

Of course we'd then have to guess the planes inertia value and its CoG....

If we have the balls to back up our decisions, we need to state the assumptions made and accept the challenges that come from doing so.

The weight of a man, plus parachute should be an agreed known constant.
Logged
"If anyone ever tells you anything about an aeroplane which is so bloody complicated you can't understand it, take it from me - it's all balls" - R J Mitchell
Pages: [1] 2